“Gingivitis Is Inflammation Of The Gums”
It’s usually caused by poor dental hygiene where plaque builds up at the place where the gums and teeth meet, irritating the gums.
Read on to find out what causes it, what the symptoms are, who’s affected, how it can be prevented and what the treatment is.
What causes it?
Although poor dental hygiene is the main cause of gingivitis, other things increase the risk of it developing, including:
Injury to the gum
Side-effects of certain drugs
Problems such as rough or misaligned teeth
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms of gingivitis include:
Gum swelling and redness
Easy bleeding, particularly when the teeth are brushed
Tenderness when the gums are touched
Complications of untreated gingivitis include receding gums, chronic periodontitis, infection or abscess, trench mouth and loss of teeth.
Most people experience some degree of gingivitis at some time in their life, although some people are more genetically susceptible than others. It usually develops during puberty.
Can it be prevented?
Good oral hygiene, regular dental checks, not smoking, eating a healthy diet and keeping stress under control help to reduce the risk of gingivitis occurring.
What’s the treatment?
Treatment of gingivitis aims to reduce gum inflammation. This may involve professional teeth cleaning by a dentist or hygienist, education about daily dental hygiene methods and the repair of any dental problems if these are contributing to the problem. Underlying medical problems should also be treated.
Your Private Health Funds also values your regular checkups and cleans, and as such, make an allowance for two (2) each year.
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